Rabbit Breeds

With 47 rabbit breeds recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) and many more from other parts of the world, it shouldn't be too hard to find a rabbit that you like.

In fact, your problem may be exactly the opposite! This happens frequently to rabbit fanciers who show their animals; just when they think they've learned all they can about their favorite breed, suddenly another one catches their eye and they want to raise a few of those as well. Take a look at these rabbit breeds and see what may appeal to you.

If you are primarily interested in Dwarfs, you may want to look at our Dwarf Rabbit Breeds page, or are you more interested in a Giant Rabbit.

American
American Fuzzy Lop
American Sable
English Angora
French Angora
Giant Angora
Satin Angora
Belgian Hare
Beveren
Blanc de Hotot
Britannia Petite
Californian
Champagne D'Argent
Checkered Giant
American Chinchilla
Giant Chinchilla
Standard Chinchilla
Cinnamon
Crème D'Argent
Dutch
Dwarf Hotot
English Spot
Flemish Giant
Florida White
Harlequin
Havana
Himalayan
Holland Lop
Jersey Wooly
Lilac
English Lop
French Lop
Mini Lop
Mini Rex
Mini Satin
Netherland Dwarf
New Zealand
Palomino
Polish
Rex
Rhinelander
Satin
Silver
Silver Fox
Silver Marten
Tan
Thrianta

American

Colors: Blue, White
Size: Matures at 11 to 12 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Semi-Arch

Uses: The American rabbit was developed in the United States as a commercial meat rabbit. Today it is used for meat, show and as a pet. This is a rare breed that is on the Critical list of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.

American Fuzzy Lop

Colors: Almost every color accepted, broken into these groups: Agouti, Broken, Pointed White, Self, Shaded and Wide Band.
Size: Matures at 3.5 to 4 pounds
Ears: Lop
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The American Fuzzy Lop is used for showing or as a pet. It has a wool coat instead of normal fur. The wool requires frequent grooming. It can be shorn with scissors to remove mats or help the animal cool off in the summer.

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American Sable

Colors: Sable brown with darker points
Size: Matures at 9 or 10 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The American Sable was developed as a commercial meat rabbit. Today, it is used for meat, show and as a pet. The attractive coloring is similar to a dark Siamese cat. This is one of those rabbit breeds that may be difficult to find in some areas, though it is not considered endangered.


There are several distinct breeds of Angora rabbit. Compare the different types of Angora rabbits.


English Angora Rabbit

Colors: Almost every color is accepted; they are divided into the following groups: Agouti, Pointed White, Self, Shaded, Ticked and Wide Band
Size: Matures at 7 to 7.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The English Angora is primarily used as a show animal or for wool. The wool grows so thick you can hardly see the rabbit's face when in full coat. Wool may be harvested to be spun into yarn by plucking loose hairs or by shearing with scissors. Unlike other angora breeds, the English Angora's coat doesn't have as much guard hair, which makes it very cottony, soft and prone to tangling.

While many people fall in love with the appearance of the English Angora, as a pet they require a lot of attention to prevent mats and hair balls. It is best to remove the wool at least twice a year. The rabbit appreciates a short coat in hot weather.

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French Angora Rabbit Breeds

Colors: Almost every color is accepted; the colors are grouped into Agouti, Broken, Pointed White, Self, Shaded, Ticked and Wide Band
Size: Matures at 7 to 10.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The French Angora has more guard hair than the English Angora, so their wool does not tangle quite as easily. It still requires frequent grooming. The wool can be shorn or plucked to be spun into yarn. The French Angora's wool creates a distinctive halo when spun.

French Angoras have a commercial body and dress out well as a meat rabbit. They also have a furred face rather than a wooled face. They are primarily raised for show, pets and woolers.

Giant Angora

Colors: Ruby Eyed White
Size: Matures at 9.5 to 10 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The Giant Angora was derived from several rabbit breeds to create a wooler that produces enough wool to be commercially viable. The rabbit is accepted only in white since white wool is the easiest to find a market for. Giant Angoras are raised primarily for show or wool.

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Satin Angora

Colors: Most colors are accepted; they are divided into Agouti, Pointed White, Self, Shaded, Ticked and Wide Band
Size: Matures at 8 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The Satin Angora was derived from the Satin rabbit and French Angoras. Like the Satin, each hair shaft is thin and has a satinized sheen that enhances the color. The wool is soft and fine. Even dense coats appear thinner than other angora breeds due to this quality of the hair.

Wool does not grow as long as in other breeds and may be harder to spin. The Satin Angora is raised primarily as a show or wool rabbit. They require frequent grooming.

Belgian Hare

Color: Red
Size: Matures at 6 to 9.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Full Arch

Uses: The Belgian Hare was imported to the United States in the early 1900s. This breed caused quite a stir and many people hoped to get rich quick with this rabbit. It is not really a hare, but the body type resembles a jack rabbit. This is an active breed that requires a lot of exercise.

Today it is raised primarily as a show rabbit. The Belgian Hare is listed as one of the threatened rabbit breeds on the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.

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Beveren

Colors: Black, Blue, White
Size: Matures at 11 to 12 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Semi-arch

Uses: The Beveren was originally developed as a meat breed, but today it is used for meat, show and pets. The one real unusual quality of this breed is the white variety doesn't have the usual ruby red eyes; they are a brilliant blue. The Beveren is listed as a breed to watch on the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy as it is fairly hard to find.

Blanc de Hotot

Color: White with black bands encircling the eyes
Size: Matures at 9 to 10 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The Blanc de Hotot was developed in France. This striking breed looks like the eyes are outlined with kohl like the ancient Egyptians. Perfect markings can be challenging to produce. Babies may be born with partial eyebands, spots or other variations. This breed is listed as threatened on the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.

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Britannia Petite Rabbit Breeds

Colors: Black, Black Otter, Chestnut, Ruby Eyed White, Sable Marten
Size: Matures at 2.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Full Arch

Uses: The Britannia Petite is an active breed that loves to run around. They can have feisty temperaments, so experienced rabbit owners are best suited for them. They are currently raised primarily for show and pets.

Californian

Color: White with dark ears, nose, feet and tail; the darker the better
Size: Matures at 9 to 10 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The Californian was developed as a meat rabbit. Today, it is still a popular breed to raise for meat since they have large litters and they mature quickly. They are often crossed with New Zealands to produce fryers. Californians are also popular for showing and occasionally as pets.

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Champagne D'Argent

Color: Born black but they silver as they age
Size: Matures at 11 to 12 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The Champagne D'Argent was developed in France. Born black, they begin silvering at a few weeks of age until they are almost white when they are older. This is one of the rabbit breeds used as a meat rabbit, for show and they make excellent pets with their calm temperament.

Checkered Giant

Colors: Spotted pattern with Black or Blue
Size: Matures at 11 to 12 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Full Arch

Uses: The Checkered Giant is colorful and active among the various rabbit breeds. They are white with several splotches of color and a colored stripe down their spine. Checkered Giants can be aggressive, so experienced rabbit owners are recommended. They are raised primarily for show.

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Chinchilla Rabbits

American Chinchilla

Color: Chinchilla
Size: Matures at 11 to 12 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The American Chinchilla was developed as a meat rabbit. Today it is used for meat, show and pets. American Chinchillas are difficult to find. They are listed as Critical on the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.

Giant Chinchilla

Color: Chinchilla
Size: Matures at 15 to 16 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Semi-arch

Uses: This is one of the really large breeds. Developed as a fast growing meat rabbit, today they are mostly raised for show or pets. The Giant Chinchilla is listed as a breed to watch on the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.

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Standard Chinchilla

Color: Chinchilla
Size: Matures at 7 to 7.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: Standard Chinchillas were developed as a small meat rabbit, but today they are raised primarily for show or pets. They can be hard to find, though they are not rare enough to be listed for conservancy.

Cinnamon

Color: Rust or cinnamon color with gray ticking
Size: Matures at 10 to 11 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: Originally developed as a meat rabbit, the Cinnamon is mostly raised for show or as a family meat provider today. Cinnamons can be difficult to find in many areas.

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Crème D'Argent Rabbit Breeds

Color: Born orange, the rabbits silver until they are a creamy white with an orange cast
Size: Matures at 9 to 11 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: Originally bred as a meat animal, the Crème D'Argent is raised primarily for show today. This breed is listed as a breed to watch on the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy due to their increasing rarity.

Dutch

Colors: Patterned with Black, Blue, Chocolate, Gray, Steel or Tortoise
Size: Matures at 4 to 5.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The colorful Dutch has long enjoyed favor as a pet. They have a gentle temperament. They also make a nice small meat rabbit. More colors have been developed through the interest of rabbit show exhibitors. This is a popular 4H rabbit, though it is challenging to produce perfect markings.

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Dwarf Hotot

Colors: White with black or chocolate eyebands; blue eyebands are being developed
Size: Matures at 3 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Dwarf Hotot is white with colored eyebands like the Blanc de Hotot, but in a miniaturized form. They have the tiny ears like Netherland Dwarfs and suffer from some of the same Dwarf-related issues. They are active and have a lot of personality. They are difficult to find, but are raised for both show and pets.

English Spot Rabbit Breeds

Colors: Spotted pattern in Black, Blue, Chocolate, Gold, Gray, Lilac and Tortoise
Size: Matures at 6 to 7 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Full Arch

Uses: The English Spot is a colorful and active rabbit. They love to run and play. The markings are extremely challenging to produce, with a good portion of each litter being of solid color instead. This rabbit is primarily bred for show.

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Flemish Giant Rabbit

Colors: Black, Blue, Fawn, Light Gray, Sandy, Steel Gray, White
Size: Matures at weights over 14 pounds; has been known to go over 20 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Semi-arch

Uses: The Flemish Giant is a well-known pet and show rabbit. They are also used in meat rabbit breeding programs to add weight. One of the largest rabbit breeds in the world, the Flemish Giant needs extra support beneath floor cages.

Florida White

Color: Ruby Eyed White
Size: Matures at 6 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Florida White was developed to provide laboratory rabbits and a smaller meat rabbit for families. Today, this breed still fulfills these uses as well as making excellent show animals and pets.

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Harlequin

Colors: Japanese (Black/Orange, Blue/Fawn, Chocolate/Orange, Lilac/Fawn) and Magpie (Black/White, Blue/White, Chocolate/White, Lilac/White)
Size: 7 to 9 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: Harlequins are extremely difficult when it comes to getting the pattern right. Ideally, the rabbit should be half one color and half the other in alternating stripes. They are usually raised for show. This breed is difficult to find.

Havana

Colors: Black, Blue, Chocolate
Size: Matures at 5 to 6.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Havana is a compact small meat rabbit that was also raised for its luxurious fur. It still serves this capacity well for small families. It also makes a beautiful show animal or pet. This breed may be difficult to find in some areas.

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Himalayan

Colors: Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac
Size: Matures at 3 to 4.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Cylindrical

Uses: The Himalayan was first raised for their silky fur. Today they are raised mostly for show and pets. They are very gentle and make excellent rabbits for children. They are often chosen for 4H rabbits.

Holland Lop Rabbit Breeds

Colors: Almost every color is accepted; colors are divided into Agouti, Broken, Pointed White, Self, Shaded, Tan Pattern, Ticked and Wide Band
Size: Matures at 4 pounds
Ears: Lop
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Holland Lop is a very popular choice for both showing and pets. They have a curious personality and have a good temperament.

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Jersey Wooly

Colors: Almost every color accepted; colors are divided into Agouti, All Other Varieties, Broken, Self, Shaded and Tan Pattern
Size: Matures at 3 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Jersey Wooly is usually raised for show and pet. It has wool instead of fur, so requires more attention to grooming.

Lilac

Color: Lilac
Size: Matures at 6 to 7.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Lilac is very similar to the Havana, providing the fourth self color. It is used for fur, meat, showing and pets. The Lilac is on the watch list for the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, so it may be difficult to find.

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Lion Head Rabbit

The Lion Head rabbit is a very popular pet. It is a very small dwarf breed with a few distinctive characteristics. The Lionhead is similar to a Jersey Wooly, but instead of having a wooled body, one which meets the breed standard has a long mane like a lion and a short skirt around its hindquarters.

English Lop

Colors: Almost all colors accepted; colors are divided into Agouti, Broken, Self, Shaded, Ticked and Wide Band
Size: Matures at 9 to 10 pounds
Ears: Lop
Body Type: Semi-arch

Uses: The English Lop is best known for its extremely long ears. They have a nice temperament, but the ears may need to be protected during cold weather. English Lops require some special care, so they are mostly raised for showing.

French Lop

Colors: Almost every color accepted; colors are divided into Agouti, Broken, Self, Shaded, Ticked, and Wide Band
Size: Matures at 11 pounds and over
Ears: Lop
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The French Lop has a mellow personality and makes an excellent pet. One of the largest rabbit breeds, the French Lop is also a popular show prospect.

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Mini Lop Rabbits

Colors: Almost every color; colors are divided into Agouti, Broken, Pointed White, Self, Shaded, Ticked and Wide Band
Size: Matures at 4.5 to 6.5 pounds
Ears: Lop
Body Type: Compact

Uses: Mini Lops are solid little rabbits. They are most often found as pets and show animals. They are usually quiet and reserved.

Mini Rex Rabbits

Colors: Black, Blue, Blue Eyed White, Broken, Castor, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Himalayan, Lilac, Lynx, Opal, Otter, Red, Seal, Tortoise, Ruby Eyed White
Size: Matures at 4.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Mini Rex is one of the most popular rabbit breeds for both pets and showing. They share their short, velvety coat with the standard Rex.

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Mini Satin

Colors: Ruby Eyed White
Size: Matures at 4 to 4.75 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Mini Satin is a new breed, so it is mostly seen in the show ring. It shares the satinized fur with the standard Satin.

Netherland Dwarf

Colors: Almost all colors are accepted; colors are divided into Agouti, Self, Shaded, Tan Pattern and Any Other Variety
Size: Matures at 2.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Netherland Dwarf is popular for showing and for pets. Its small size gives it a perennial juvenile appearance. Like other Dwarf breeds, there are some breeding issues due to Dwarf genetics. The temperament varies from very friendly to a little challenging.

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New Zealand Rabbits

Colors: Black, Red, White
Size: Matures at 11 to 12 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The New Zealand is one of the most popular rabbit breeds to use for raising meat. They are often crossed with Californians to produce fast growing fryers. New Zealands also make excellent show rabbits and pets.

Palomino

Colors: Golden and Lynx
Size: Matures at 10 to 11 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The Palomino was developed as an attractive meat and fur rabbit in the United States. They have gentle temperaments. They may be difficult to find, but are raised mostly for show now.

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Polish

Colors: Black, Blue, Broken, Chocolate, Blue Eyed White, Ruby Eyed White
Size: Matures at 3.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Polish rabbit makes an energetic pet and show animal. They are generally sweet tempered and stay small.

Rex

Colors: Black, Black Otter, Blue, Broken, Californian, Castor, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Lilac, Lynx, Opal, Red, Sable, Seal, White
Size: Matures at 9.5 to 10.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: Rex rabbits were developed as a dual purpose breed to provide both meat and fur. Their velvety coat is short and upright. The rex fur also shows the colors at their best, intensifying every shade. Today, Rex rabbits are still used for fur and meat. They are also used for show and pets.

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Rhinelander Rabbit Breeds

Colors: Spotted Pattern of black and orange on a white background
Size: Matures at 9 to 10 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Full Arch

Uses: The Rhinelander is an active rabbit with a very specific coat pattern. The pattern is difficult to get right for breeders who raise this rabbit. They are mostly bred for show. The Rhinelander is on the watch list of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.

Satin

Colors: Black, Blue, Broken, Californian, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Copper, Otter, Red, Siamese, White
Size: Matures at 10 to 11 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The Satin breed sports fur that shines and shimmers due to a transparent shell around each hair shaft. The satinized hair shafts make the colors more vibrant. Satins have long been used for fur and meat as well as show and pets.

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Silver

Colors: Black, Brown and Fawn
Size: Matures at 6 to 7 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Silver breed features a dark fur sprinkled with white hair that effectively "silvers" the color. Silvers are listed on the threatened list by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, so they may be very difficult to find. They are mostly raised for show.

Silver Fox Rabbit Breeds

Color: Black
Size: Matures at 11 to 12 pounds
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: The Silver Fox has an unusual fur that remains upright when stroked from the rump to the head. It is a lustrous black with a moderate silvering. This breed was once used for meat and fur; today it is mostly raised for show. It is listed as Critical by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, so it may be very difficult to find.

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Silver Marten

Colors: Black, Blue, Chocolate, Sable
Size: Matures at 8 to 9.5 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Commercial

Uses: Silver Martens are named for their coloring. Each color is highlighted by a light outline on the jaw, around the eyes, a triangle at the nape and around the nostrils, as well as a light coating of silver tipped guard hairs. Developed as a meat rabbit, the Silver Marten is hard to find in many parts of the country now. They are primarily used as a family meat rabbit or as a show animal.

Tan

Colors: Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac
Size: Matures at 4 to 6 pounds
Ears: Upright
Body Type: Full Arch

Uses: Tans are intelligent and active rabbits. They are often escape artists who can figure out how to unlatch almost any cage. They are known for their sleek and shiny fur. They are often raised for meat and show. They may not be appropriate for beginner rabbit owners.

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Thrianta Rabbit Breeds

Color: Red
Size: Matures at 4 to 6 pounds
Ears: upright
Body Type: Compact

Uses: The Thrianta is a European breed that has just been recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association. They are known for their fiery red color. Thriantas are mostly used as show animals since they are so new.

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