The Volcano rabbit is found in the mountains of Mexico. It is the second smallest rabbit in the world, maturing at a weight of 14 to 21 ounces. As of 1969, it was estimated only 1000 to 1200 existed in the wild.
This rabbit lives in groups of 2 to 5 animals in burrows in the ground. The burrows tend to be concealed at the base of grass clumps. Like pikas, this species will use high pitched sounds to warn of danger rather than thumping their feet like other rabbits. They have at least five different vocalizations.
They eat local grasses and the new leaves on spiny herbs. They also eat the bark of alder trees when necessary. Some have been reported eating corn and oats from croplands.
The Volcano is threatened by overgrazing, timber production and agriculture. They have recently disappeared from several areas of central Mexico. They avoid predation primarily by blending in with the dark volcanic soils.
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